Īrijas Attara vēsture

Attars ir simbolisks vārds Arabi valodā, kas nozīmē aromātu. Māksla patīkamu un saldu smaržu smaržu izplatīšanā pakāpeniski izplatās laika gaitā. Indu ielejas civilizācija parāda šīs mākslas pazīmes dūņu tvertnēs un smaržu burkās. Attaru veidošanai izmantoti apaļie vara pildi, un arheoloģisko izrakumu datumi ir vismaz 5000 gadus veci. Tradicionālie attar-makers to sauca par Degs. Viņi ceļos pa visu Indiju, ziedi pilnībā ziedos, lai padarītu viņu svaigus Attars. Degs ir būtiski mainījis Attara veidošanos, jo citi ražotāji tuvojas ziedu ražai.

Atsauces uz smaržām joprojām ir pieejamas sanskritu enciklopēdijā "Brhatsamhita". Smaržvielas tika izmantotas pārdošanai, fiziskām baudām un reliģiskiem pakalpojumiem. Gandhayukti sniedza dažādu smaržu receptes, piemēram, vīraka, talka pulveri, vannas pulveri un mutes smaržas. Ajūrvēdas teksts Charaka Samhita minēja agrāko Attar destilāciju, bet Harshacharita uzsver Agarwood izmantošanu.

The process of making Attar in ancient India required the expertise of the traditional makers. Sacred plants and precious flowers were placed into vegetable oil or water. The plants and flowers would slowly infuse the oil or water with their delicate fragrance. Afterwards, they would be eliminated leaving the Attar with a symphony of their aromatic beauty. People would then use the by-product as perfumes. Egyptians have been famous throughout the ancient world for their unique perfumes.

They used to extract the fragrances from plants and would obtain essential oil through splinters of fragrant wood in oil or the flowers. They were later combined with other oils which had a wide variety of choices. The most popular were linseed, safflower, balanos, moringa, sesame and castor oil. Almond and Olive were also used to some extent. The most famous Egyptian fragrances consisted of resin, balanos oil, and myrrh. It was formulated in the city of Mendes in the Delta before it could be exported to Rome. The perfume that had the first preference was that which was obtained from the island of Cyprus and later from Egypt.

Throughout the ages, cedars of Lebanon have been popular and was used by Nabi Sulaeyman during the construction of al Haykal as Suleymani. In the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus, cedar oil was used in coating papyrus manuscripts and would protect them from insects. Nowadays, cedar is used to keep moths away by being sprayed in wardrobes. Kannauj, a city in India takes pride as the major producers of Attar.

attar smaržas

Ziemas laikā Sadhus izmantotu īpašus džungļu augus un saknes, lai izlaistu ugunskurus. Pat pēc tam, kad Sadhuss bija atstājis vietu, gans, kurš izaudzis liellopus šajā apgabalā, atradīs ilgstošu smaržu sadedzinātā kokā. Pēc tam, kad dažas izgudrojošas personas atrada šo informāciju, viņi nolēma rūpīgi meklēt garšaugus un sakņus. Tas noveda pie dažiem eksperimentiem ar Attar, un pirmais Attars izmantoja Hina un Rose kā galvenās sastāvdaļas.

Dažādi Attars lietošanas veidi

There is a significant difference between Attar and synthetic perfumes. Attar is oil-based and one can apply it directly on the body. A few parts of anatomy where Attar can be applied directly are behind the ears, the inside of the wrist, and back of the neck. It has a strong scent and a single drop is enough to provide fragrance to the body.

Attars var izmantot dažādos veidos. Dažus pilienus attar var lietot ar aukstiem dzērieniem, lai iegūtu smaržu. To var arī pievienot ūdenim un pēc tam izmantot ar aromātisku tvaika spuldzi. Attar ir daudz zīmolu, ko var izmantot visa gada garumā. Dažas no populārākajām smaržām ziemās ir Hina siltās piezīmes, kas ir sagatavotas no safrāna un Muska. Cits silts Attars, kas palielina ķermeņa temperatūru ziemās, ietver dzintaru, muskusu, odu un safrānu.

Attars that are used in summer include Jasmine, Rose, Khus, Mogra, and Kewda. They are cool attars that provide a cooling effect to the body and also makes an addition to the flavorful notes of summer. One of the ideal perfumes that can be used any time of the year is Chameli. The alcoholic perfumes and compound are known to leave an ill-effect on the nervous system. However, pure Attar cannot cause harm to your nerves.

It goes with no single doubt that natural perfumes tend to be the most expensive. This primary reason is that they are so concentrated and a small bottle can last for several weeks or months before you can make a replacement. The good thing with these perfumes is that they don't have any side effects on an individual. Offering Attar to guests at the time of departure is known to be a customary practice of the elites especially among Muslims in the Eastern world. They were traditionally given in pure silver made of Attar-Daan or in crystal bottles. It is a lovely tradition that is still seen in most parts of the Eastern world in the recent times.

Attar lietošana kā zāles

Attar vienmēr ir lietots jau no agras dienām kā galvenā sastāvdaļa dažādu zāļu formāšanā. True Attar var atrast tikai tad, ja eļļu iegūst tradicionālā Degs Steam destilācija vai aukstā velmēšana. Saskaņā ar vēsturiskajiem ierakstiem, ir īpaša ziedu grupa, kas tika izmantota Attar ražošanā. Tas sastāvēja no Molesari, Champa, Rose, Bela, Myrrh, Tuberose, Khus, Anbar, un Jasmine.

Their oriental fragrance is so magnificent that it takes the user to the world of delight and fulfillment. The overall oriental feel not only lasts longer but also has a mesmerizing effect. It leaves a pleasant effect with its diffusive nature. Besides being used as a fragrance, there are some floral groups that provide medicinal uses as well. This includes Oud, Sandalwood, Anbar, Musk, Rose, Jasmine, Hina, Kewda, and Saffron.

Safrāns (Crocus sativa stigma)

To sauc arī Zaf'an Attar, kas sastāv no Sandalwood un Zafr'an. Lielākā daļa no starptautiski pazīstamajām zālēm izmanto safrānu kā sastāvdaļu, kā arī kulinārijas izstrādājumos. To lieto, lai atvieglotu sāpes vēderā, regulē menstruācijas traucējumus, pagarina dzīvotspēju un izmanto novecošanās vājumā. Tas nodrošina nomierinošu iedarbību uz zīdaiņiem zobu saknēm.

sandalkoks

Sandalwood tiek izmantots senajos karavānos no Indijas uz Ēģipti, Romu un Grieķiju. Ēģiptieši to izmantoja balzamēšanas laikā, un lielākā daļa tempļu tika būvēti no Sandalwood. Tā ir relaksējoša eļļa, ko var izmantot sasprindzinājuma, nervu izsīkuma vai depresijas laikā. Meditācijai ir nomierinoša iedarbība, un tās var izārstēt sausu klepu, ja to lieto krūtīs.

Rose / Gulab / wurd (Rosa damascene flower)

There is an endearing correlation between lovely Rose and the Saints in Muslim traditions. During the middle ages and renaissance, Al-Shaikh Ar-Raees, an Arab physician is famous for coming up with Rosewater. The Rose Attar is known to work directly on the heart and it was esteemed as a remedy for various ailments. Al-Shaikh Ar-Raees also cultivated a refined quality of Attar of roses that were used in controlling health disorders.

Anbar / Ambergris (Pinus Succinifera)

Anbar is an excretion from the whale that is found floating in the oceans. It is formed in the intestines of a whale and is a pathological secretion of the widespread sperm whale. It has a nauseating odor and soft consistency with a dark color. Anbar has been used for fine perfumes as a fixative and for medicinal purposes as an aphrodisiac. Ambergris is also used as herbal and homeopathic remedies.

Muskuss

It has the best aroma, known as ‘the king of all perfumes'. It is produced by "Moschus moschiferus", a rare species of the male deer. Musk and its Attar has numerous medicinal values. It works as an antidote for some poisons and can help against snake bite. It also helps in controlling dizziness, regulating heart applications, and re-balancing of the internal health disorder.

Oud / Agars / Aloes koks (Aquilaria agallocha)

Indijas Oud ir pieejams divos atšķirīgos tipos; Al Qust, ko lieto medicīniskiem mērķiem, un Aluwwah, ko izmanto par smaržām. Kad ir sadedzināts, ir zināms, ka Oud dūmi ir attīrīti no gaisa un stiprina kuņģi pēc inhalācijas. Jūs varat arī asināt savas sajūtas un atbrīvot enurezu, jo Oud smarža palīdz prātam. To var izmantot, lai nomierinātu sirdi un mazinātu ķermeņa sāpes.

attar smaržas

Kā Attars tiek novērtēts

Nosakot labākās Attar un citas eļļas, ir svarīgi pieņemt plašu lēmumu. Trīs nozīmīgie pasākumi ietver kvalitāti un tīrību, dziļumu un eleganci, kā arī drošību lietošanā un lietošanā. Attar dabiskās būtības ir ne tikai vērtīgas, bet arī reti un dārgas. Tās var ātri absorbēt arī āda. Laba smarža vienmēr ir sagatavota ar kādu naturals daudzumu. Ir arī iespējams iegūt ļoti labas smaržas, neizmantojot sintētikas produktus, piemēram, alkoholu, ķīmiskās piedevas un citus konservantus. Daži no labākajiem produktiem parfimērijas pasaulē, kurus sauc par "noble", ir Sandalwood, Rose un Jasmine.